Housing Affordability in the Canadian Housing Market
It was reported by REMAX Canada that recently there has been a rise in more Canadians moving to urban areas in recent years. The question is, how will this look over the next five years? We can see that the market has changed a lot during the pandemic with rising costs of residential properties.
In a recent survey by Leger, it was found that about 78 per cent of Canadians were clear that taxation, interest rates, economic recession, climate change, and mixed housing were reasons to not buy a home. The report also found that public transportation was another reason, all of these points caused them to be the most concerned when it came to purchasing a home.
It was reported that in 2020, the Canadian economy saw a five per cent decline. However, the economy also saw a 4.6 per cent growth in 2021. The Bank of Canada and the central banks have been compelled to rise interest rates as the economy is rebounding from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
CIBC Capital Markets reported recently that due to the pandemic, 3 million Canadians lost their jobs and 2 million found new work. Some of this new work was with reduced hours, meaning less income. The good news is that the number of Canadians who are employed is now above what it was pre-pandemic.
During this time some Canadians were able to experience the benefits of a recession, meaning there were extremely low interest rates. This was during the first four waves of the pandemic. What does the future hold for the Canadian economy? New immigrants will help move it forward, benefiting the real estate market.
Immigration and The Real Estate Market
There are a lot of incredible benefits to immigration and what it can do to help the economy. Welcoming new Canadians who are ready to work and help move Canada toward a bright future. This benefits all Canadians and the future looks bright for many who will arrive in 2022.
It was reported that Canada is expect to welcome 432,000 immigrants in 2022. This will help the demand for new housing. This demand will be particularly noticed in the Toronto and Vancouver areas. The most recent REMAX Canada survey found that 61 per cent of Canadians believe in long-term investments.
However, this is not expected to change over the next five years. The survey did find that there are still issues that are causing barriers in stopping the purchase of residential properties, such as taxes, rising interest rates and capital gains tax.
Rising Interest Rates
According to Benjamin Tal, Capital Markets Deputy Chief, “the enemy of the housing market is not high interest rates that is good for the economy in fact. It is the pace at which those rates increase that is a big risk to housing. Rate increases at a reasonable schedule of four times a year would create a stable and more relaxed housing market over the next five years.”
There is some anticipation that inflation is going to ease up in Q4 in 2022. If it doesn’t ease then the Bank of Canada will most likely raise interest rates, “at a consistent quarterly pace to sustain a stable economy with healthy employment and a less- heated housing market.”
Under the conditions mentioned above, housing across Canada would then remain expensive through to 2027. However, these prices would not be as hot as they have been over the last three years. When it came to Canadians who did get a mortgage in 2020 and 2021, they were able to land low rates are now at risk of higher rates.
REMAX Canada’s Housing Report
According to the report by REAMX Canada, “while demand for housing is likely to continue to outstrip supply, resulting in high prices, under a scenario like this with a higher interest rate environment, the housing market could be stable and less heated than what Canadians have experienced over the last five years.”
The housing market is actually more stable then people realize and according to CIBC, one third of Canadians were able to purchase a new home. However, some needed the support of family members, such a parents. CIBC reported that ten per cent were able to buy a new home due to generational wealth transfer, they then used this gift to buy their new home.
The report by REAMX also stated, according to Tal, “each recession Canada has experienced over the last 50 years has been triggered by central banks overshooting the ideal pace of interest rate hikes. In his assessment, this is the greatest potential threat to the stability of Canada’s housing market in the next five years.”
Immigration and The Impact on The Housing Market
It’s true that Canada welcomes immigrants every year, adding to the economy and creating new hope for many individuals. Canada had recently committed to welcome over 400,000 immigrants to the country in 2022. These new Canadians will have higher education and can add to the economy.
Immigration benefits all of Canada, we see it adding significantly to the economy. Immigration adds to the labour market. In the REAMX report, its noted that the system could improve by selecting immigrants that can help the chronic labour market needs. It’s mentioned that there is need specifically in the skilled trades and construction.
According to the Conference Board of Canada, higher levels of immigration can help to benefit the Canadian economy with “greater GDP and public revenues.” The CIBC and the Conference Board of Canada have agreed that there needs to be a minimum of 400,000 immigrants annually in order to help sustain the Canadian “economic vibrancy.”
Though this formula can be pretty complicated and often it doesn’t look at individuals who already reside in Canada. Those individuals are often students who are in temporary housing. We still need to take note that these factors will help the economy and the housing market.
According to the REAMX Canada report, it can take ten years for immigrants to have earning that are constant with their work experience and skills. This is in comparison to Canadian born workers, therefore it’s the result of Ottawa’s attention on immigrants who can be of economic benefit and have better support systems.
Taxation and It’s Impact
Finally we’ll discuss the impacts of taxation on the real estate market. According to the REAMX Canada report, in order to better manage the ballooning deficits and add to the cooling Canadian housing market. The federal government might remove the capital gains tax exemption, this was for principle residents in the next five years.
The report stats that, “given the ballooning federal deficit sparked by the pandemic, speculation has increased that Ottawa could remove the capital gains tax exemption on primary residences. If this scenario was to transpire in the next 12 to 24 months, even in a modified or hybrid manner, it would upend the retirement plans of millions of Canadians who plan to cash in on the full gains from the sale of their principal home to fund their retirement.”
According to Jamie Golombek of CIBC Private Wealth, “the primary homes of Canadians represent the greatest store of value for most homeowners and removing a significant portion of that value by eliminating the exemption could cool the market in profound ways.”
So what’s next for the Canadian housing market? We will need to wait and see what these policies and with the welcoming of new immigrants in 2022. The next five years we will need to watch see if this current federal government will choose to apply the capital gains tax on primary residents. Resulting in a softening “the blow to the market by making it prorated based on how long the property has been owned or based on the value of the home.”
Contact Lori VanDinther and Team
Have any questions about the Canadian housing market? Lori and her team are here to make sure that you’re questions are answered, plus they can start the process in looking for your new home. Whether you’re looking to downsize or expand, Lori and her team are ready to make the process an enjoyable one.
Please feel free to contact them anytime either by phone at 905-330-2002 or by email at email@example.com. If you’ve ever wondered what your home might be worth we have the technology to help you figure that out, try our What’s My Home Worth calculator today.